- Perostitis – inflammation of outer layer of bone
- Myostitis – inflammation of muscle
- Tendonitis – inflammation of tendon
- Compartment Syndrome – chronic buildup for pressure throughout the muscles.
Often typical to sports of running, tennis, football, basketball and rugby. The pain will start as a dull ache in the shin and gradually progress to a constant pain within the shin. The podiatrist can often correct the mechanics off your loading with orthotics to fix shin splints, coupled with other at home therapies to reduce inflammation.
Posterior Tibial Dysfunction occurs when the tendon of the Posterior Tibial muscle becomes inflamed and in some cases torn. It radiates pain and swelling down the inside border of the foot and ankle. People with Posterior Tibial dysfunction will notice their foot has become characteristically “flat” as the tendon can no longer support the arch of the foot.
Generally due to overuse of heavy loading sports such as running, tennis, basketball, netball etc. the Posterior Tibial muscle becomes inflamed with increased activity.
Your podiatrist will characterize the condition as acute or chronic and follow appropriate imaging and treatment recommendations upon diagnosis
Achillies Tendonopathy is damage to tendon fibres and inflammation of achillies tendon. The achillies tendon connects the large muscles of soleous and gastrocnemious to the base of the heel and is used in running for propulsion. Injury to the tendon can be acute or chronic depending upon onset of pain and degree of tearing in the tendon. Generally presents as an overuse injury in a very active person or secondary to poor flexibility. On examination the Podiatrist will determine whether the Achilles pain is an acute or Chronic condition. They may require imaging and multiple conservative therapies, including orthotics, to treat and prevent the reoccurrence of the syndrome. Surgical consideration is necessary for a full tear of the tendon.
Compartment Syndrome occurs in the front leg muscles, when pressure within the muscles builds. This pressure causes a decrease in blood flow to the muscles and nerves that innervate it. This will reduce oxygen being absorb and can cause permanent muscle damage. Compartment syndrome can present as an acute or chronic condition. If the condition is acute in nature is must be quickly treated and the pressure relieved from the muscle before permanent damage occurs to muscles and nerves. When the condition is chronic is has been established over a length of time and generally through overuse in athletic sports. Often misdiagnosed as shin splints, compartment syndrome requires the medical knowledge of your Podiatrist to diagnose and implement appropriate management plans.
Osgood Schlatters Disease occurs most commonly in children between the ages of 9 and 16 years but it can occur in younger children. It is activity-related pain that occurs over the tibial tuberosity just below the knee-cap. The child will have swelling in the area, and tenderness to touch. The disease is related to activity, growth spurts and age. The child will often be able to point to the exact site of pain on their leg. The condition can be acute or chronic in nature and require your Podiatrists use of radiology to diagnose and provide appropriate management.
Fractures are broken bones. They are extremely common in the foot and ankle due to sport related injurys and trauma. There are 33 bones in the foot and they can occur within any of them in the form of a stress fracture within the bone or a bone break.
- The fibula is the smaller leg bone located to the outside border of your leg and often more suseptial to fracture than it bigger brother the tibia. Treatment of a fracture here would depend upon the how and where the injury occurs along the bone. Often patient will be plaster cast or be asked to wear a Cam walker boot for a period of time
- Heel Bone fractures occur in the calcaneous. They are extremely painful and will render the patient unable to bear weight. Often due to jumping or falling from great height onto your foot. It is extremely important they are treated corrected and may require surgery.
- Fractures of talus often require surgery. This is an extremely important bone that form the ankle joint pivot point. Often an injury to the talus will result in secondary arthritis throughout the ankle joint later in life
- Navicular stress fracture occurs within the middle of the foot’s inside border. Generally associated with athletics and overuse. The stress fracture pain will begin as a mild vague pain that gets worse with time and activity. A bone scan or MRI is usually required to diagnose a stress fracture. A period of non weight-bearing in cast or a cam walker is necessary to treat this injury
- Fracture within the Lis Franc complex includes multiple bones of the midfoot and dislocation of the joints. It is a fracture common to skier and car accident bracing impact injury. This fracture may require surgery, but again depends on the degree of injury which your podiatrist will assess with imaging
- A Jones Fracture is a common fracture of the bases of the 5th metatarsal. It occurs when a person rolls their ankle to the outside. Patient who sustain this injury will have intense swelling and find it difficult to bear weight on their foot. They will require casting or a cam walker for a non weight bearing period of time
- Metatarsal stress fractures along the shaft of the foot bones generally occur in patients who increase their activity rapidly. The podiatrist will require a bone scan or MRI to diagnose the stress fracture. You will be required to be non weight bearing.